The Hegelian “permanent deposit” in John Dewey’s thought
This paper analyzes the Hegelian “permanent deposit” in Dewey’s political and social thought. Following James Good’s work, the significance of Hegelian thought in Dewey’s philosophical development is pointed out. Dewey never had a clear break from the Hegelian philosophy. He overcame the British neo-Hegelianism by developing a humanitarian, anti-metaphysic interpretation of Hegel’s thought. Even though Dewey criticized Hegel in his later work, certain Hegelian elements remain in his political and social thought. Dewey supports that the Hegelian philosophy contributed to political theory and he suggests to liberal thinkers to consider this contribution in order to renovate liberalism. It is claimed that this contribution concerns his critique to individualism, his emphasis upon the significance of social institutions for the formation of individuality, his critique to the abstract character of freedom of will and his attempt to formulate a theory of actual freedom. Moreover, concerning his own apprehension of freedom, Dewey adopts certain elements from Hegel and he transforms them radically into the perspective of experimentalism. First, freedom is related to the reflection. Dewey supports that we can find the key of freedom in the experimental thinking of natural sciences. Second, freedom is not a ready-made possession of individual, as classic liberalism claims, but it is an attainment, a kind of growth. Third, individual freedom cannot be accomplished beyond society, but only in a democratically organized society. It is suggested that this analysis about the Hegelian influences in Dewey’s thought points out a significant aspect of his Hegelian “permanent deposit” and constitutes an essential preparatory work for the apprehension of his democratic ideal and his attempt to renovate liberalism.
How to Cite
Papers are published under the personal responsibility of the authors in terms of their content and linguistic form (eg, rights of any pictorial material, etc.).
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License licence that allows others free use of the work for non-commercial purposes as long as the author/s and the journal are attributed properly and the new creations are licensed under identical terms (Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License).
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g. post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (preferably in institutional repositories or on their website), as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Any such posting must include a reference and a link to the journal’s website.